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Another common fern, this time which I found in the edge of woodland. This is Broad Buckler Fern Dryopteris dilitata one of the Dryopteris genus that are characterised by kidney shaped (reniform) indusia. These are fairly conspicuous in the summer but when the sporangia ripen the indusium lifts off and then it can be difficult to determine the indusia outline. Broad Buckler fern is characterised by the dark centre to the scales on the stipe. (This could however be confused with the rare D expansa)

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D dilitata mature frond from below

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Stipe with scales

D dilitata is a large tufted fern which can be abundant in woods and is often found with Male fern (Dryopteris filix-mas).

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D dilitata in woodland

D filix mas in same woodland

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